Biochemistry is one of the difficult subjects in medical, dental, and nursing school. We bring you the best Biochemistry Notes (PDF) to help you out.
Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes and substances that occur within living organisms, including humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms. It is a branch of biology that applies the principles and methods of chemistry to understand the complex chemical reactions and interactions that occur in living systems.
The key areas covered in biochemistry include:
Proteins: Biochemistry examines the structure and function of proteins, including the processes of protein synthesis, folding, and degradation. Proteins are essential for many cellular processes, including enzyme catalysis, signal transduction, and structural support.
Carbohydrates: Biochemistry explores the structure and metabolism of carbohydrates, including the breakdown of complex carbohydrates into simple sugars and the role of carbohydrates in energy storage.
Lipids: Biochemistry examines the structure and function of lipids, including the synthesis and breakdown of fats, the formation of cell membranes, and the role of lipids in energy storage.
Nucleic acids: Biochemistry studies the structure and function of nucleic acids, including the processes of DNA replication, transcription, and translation, as well as the regulation of gene expression.
Enzymes: Biochemistry investigates the structure and function of enzymes, including the mechanisms of enzyme catalysis and the regulation of enzyme activity.
Metabolism: Biochemistry explores the pathways of metabolism, including the breakdown of nutrients for energy production and the synthesis of biomolecules for cellular function.
Biochemical techniques: Biochemistry involves the use of various techniques to study the chemical processes and structures of living organisms, including spectroscopy, chromatography, and molecular biology techniques.
Overall, biochemistry is a fundamental area of study that underlies many other fields of science, including molecular biology, genetics, and biotechnology.