Category: Medicine

Bone Marrow Aspiration & Trephine Biopsy ProcedureBone Marrow Aspiration & Trephine Biopsy Procedure

Newsletter Bone Marrow Aspiration & Trephine Biopsy Procedure Contents Indications Preparing the patient Contraindications Instruments Procedure Transporting the specimen Complications Indication for Bone Marrow Aspiration Diagnostic : Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Aplastic Anemia Leukemia Megaloblastic Anemia Infections e.g. Kala Azar Storage disorders e.g. Gaucher’s disease Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) Myelofibrosis Therapeutic : Bone Marrow Transplantation […]


Sarcoidosis An inflammatory multisystem disease characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas of unknown etiology. PATHOPHYSIOLOGYThe cause of sarcoid is unknown, and current evidence suggests that the triggering of an inflammatory response by an unidentified antigen in a genetically susceptible host is involved. The granuloma is the pathologic hallmark of sarcoidosis. The initial inflammatory response is […]


Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a term for a group of diseases that are due to the extracellular deposition of insoluble polymeric protein fibrils in organs and tissues. Clinical manifestations depend on anatomic distribution and intensity of amyloid protein deposition and range from local deposition with little significance to involvement of virtually any organ system with severe […]

How do you get Diabetes?How do you get Diabetes?

How do you get diabetes? Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a syndrome of chronic hyperglycaemiadue to relative insulin deficiency, resistance or both.Diabetes is usually irreversible and, although patients can lead a reasonably normal lifestyle, its late complications result in reduced life expectancy and major health costs.These include macrovascular disease, leading to an increased prevalence of coronary […]


Diabetes Share this : Depression Depression Share this : Accommodation reflex Accommodation reflex The process by which the curvature of the lens is increased is… Finger Clubbing Finger Clubbing Clubbing is painless soft-tissue swelling of the terminal phalanges. The enlargement increases convexity of the nail. It may… Factors predisposing to Osteoarthritis(OA) Factors predisposing to Osteoarthritis(OA) […]

Finger ClubbingFinger Clubbing

Finger Clubbing Clubbing is painless soft-tissue swelling of the terminal phalanges. The enlargement increases convexity of the nail. It may be produced by growth factors from megakaryocytes and platelets lodged in nail bed capillaries stimulating vascular connective tissue.It is an important sign of major diseases, although itmay be congenital. It usually takes weeks or months to […]


Cellulitis Share this : Anti Anginal Drugs Anti Anginal Drugs Share this : Hearing Tests Hearing Tests Voice tests and tuning fork tests are easily carried out… ECG – Case Disccussion ECG Case Discussion This ECG was recorded from a 25-year-old pregnant woman who complained of an irregular heart beat. Auscultation… Blood Supply of the […]

Medicine Flashcards/MnemonicsMedicine Flashcards/Mnemonics

Newsletter Medicine Mnemonics Previous Next Get Access to Medical Resources Library Share this : Otitis media with effusion Simvastatin Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the persistence of fluid in the middle ear for a period of 3… Ankylosing Spondylitis Newsletter Ankylosing Spondylitis It is now recognized that Ankylosing Spondylitis forms part of the spectrum […]

Factors predisposing to Osteoarthritis(OA)Factors predisposing to Osteoarthritis(OA)

Factors predisposing to Osteoarthritis(OA) Obesity: Predicts later risk of radiological and symptomatic OA of the hip and hand in population studies Heredity: Familial tendency to develop nodal and generalized OA Gender: Polyarticular OA is more common in women; a higher prevalence after the menopause suggests a role for sex hormones Hypermobility : Increased range of […]