Rish Academy

multiple myeloma

Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma Multiple Myeloma is a malignant disease of bone marrow plasma cells, accounting for 1% of all malignant disease. There is a clonal expansion of abnormal, proliferating plasma cellsproducing a monoclonal paraprotein, mainly IgG (55%) or IgA (20%), and rarely IgM and IgD. The paraproteinaemia may be associated with excretion of light chains in […]

Read More
breast cancer

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Breast cancer in one of the Commonest malignancies in Western Europe and less common in Japan and Africa. Totally there are about 35 000 new cases occur per year. 1 in 9 lifetime risk for women. And the breast cancer incidence increases with age. The chance of getting Breast cancer in Males is […]

Read More
pleural mesothelioma stages

Pleural Mesothelioma Stages

Pleural Mesothelioma Stages Mesothelioma is an aggressive, universally fatal, neoplasm arising from the serosal surfaces usually of the pleura (>90%), peritoneum (7%) or rarely the pericardium or tunica vaginalis. More than 90% of cases occur in the Pleura, thus it is called Pleural Mesothelioma.  There are 4 stages of Pleural Mesothelioma. They are  Stage 1: […]

Read More
carcinoma medicine

Spread of Carcinoma of the Colon

Spread of Carcinoma of the Colon Direct spread Colonic cancer can spread locally or via the lymphatics, bloodstream or transcoelomically around the peritoneum. Direct spread can be longitudinal, transverse or radial. Radial spread to adjacent organs has the greatest impact on surgical resectability, as an adequate oncologic resection can still be achieved, despite longitudinal spread, […]

Read More
Hodgkin lymphoma medicine

Hodgkin Lymphoma

Newsletter Hodgkin Lymphoma Lymphomas are a group of diseases caused by malignant lymphocytes that accumulate in lymph nodes and cause the characteristic clinical features of lymphadenopathy.Occasionally, they may spill over into blood (‘leukaemic phase’) or infiltrate organs outside the lymphoid tissue.The major subdivision of lymphomas is into Hodgkin lymphoma and non -Hodgkin lymphoma and this […]

Read More
skin cancer medicine

Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer There are several types of skin cancer, but more than 95 percent of cases of skin cancer are one of three types, including basal cell cancer of the skin (BCC), squamous cell cancer of the skin (cSCC or cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma), or melanoma (also called malignant melanoma).Basal cell cancer is the most […]

Read More