Myology is defined as the study of the muscular system. This includes the study of the structure of muscle, function and diseases of muscle. The muscular system consists of three types of muscles. They are skeletal muscles, smooth muscles and cardiac muscles. Skeletal muscle, which contracts to move or position parts of the body. Most of the times they are connected to the bones and helps in joint movements. Smooth and cardiac muscle that propels, expels or controls the flow of fluids and contained substance.
Smooth muscle cells are found in the walls of hollow organs, including the stomach, intestines, urinary bladder and uterus, and in the walls of passage ways, such as the arteries and veins of the circulatory system, and the tracts of the respiratory, urinary, and reproductive systems. Cardiac muscle is an involuntary striated muscle tissue found only in the heart and is responsible for the ability of the heart to pump blood.
What is Orofacial Myology?
Orofacial myology is a specialized medical specialty. In layman’s terms, ‘orofacial’ refers to the face and mouth region while ‘myology’ is the area of medicine that deals with muscles and how they work. Orofacial myology identifies and treats a variety of oral and facial (orofacial) muscles, (myo-) postural and functional disorders and oral habits that may disrupt normal dental development and also create cosmetic problems. The principles involved with the evaluation and treatment of orofacial Myofunctional disorders are based upon dental science tenets.