Nephrology is one of the difficult subjects in medical, dental, and nursing school. We bring you Nephrology Notes to help you out.
Nephrology is the medical specialty that focuses on the study, diagnosis, and treatment of kidney diseases and disorders.
Some of the key areas covered in nephrology include:
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI): This is a sudden and rapid loss of kidney function due to damage or injury to the kidneys, which can be caused by various medical conditions or medications.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): This is a progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function over time, usually due to long-term damage to the kidneys. CKD can lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which requires dialysis or kidney transplantation for survival.
Glomerular diseases: These are diseases that affect the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys called glomeruli, which can lead to proteinuria, hematuria, and decreased kidney function.
Tubular diseases: These are diseases that affect the tubules in the kidneys, which can lead to electrolyte imbalances, acid-base disorders, and impaired kidney function.
Renal stone disease: This refers to the formation of stones in the kidneys or urinary tract, which can cause pain, infection, and damage to the kidneys.
Hypertension: High blood pressure can cause damage to the kidneys over time, leading to CKD and ESRD.
Fluid and electrolyte disorders: Nephrologists are trained to manage disorders of fluid and electrolyte balance in the body, which can be caused by various medical conditions or medications.
Dialysis and kidney transplantation: Nephrologists are involved in the management of patients with ESRD who require dialysis or kidney transplantation for survival.
Systemic diseases affecting the kidneys: Many systemic diseases, such as diabetes, lupus, and vasculitis, can affect the kidneys and require specialized management by nephrologists.