Oncology is one of the difficult subjects in medical, dental, and nursing school. We bring you Oncology Notes to help you out.
Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells in the body grow and divide uncontrollably, often forming tumors or invading nearby tissues and organs.
Oncology is a complex and varied field that covers a wide range of cancer-related topics, including:
Cancer prevention: This involves identifying risk factors for cancer and implementing strategies to reduce the risk of developing the disease. This may include lifestyle modifications, such as quitting smoking and adopting a healthy diet and exercise routine, as well as cancer screening and genetic testing.
Cancer diagnosis: This involves using a variety of diagnostic tools and procedures, such as imaging tests and biopsies, to identify the presence and extent of cancer in the body.
Cancer treatment: This involves a range of therapeutic interventions, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, that are aimed at destroying cancer cells or slowing their growth and spread.
Palliative care: This involves providing relief from the symptoms and stress associated with cancer and its treatment, with a focus on improving quality of life and supporting patients and their families.
Survivorship: This involves providing ongoing care and support for cancer survivors, including monitoring for cancer recurrence and managing the long-term physical and emotional effects of cancer and its treatment.
Cancer research: This involves investigating the causes, prevention, and treatment of cancer, with the goal of developing new and improved therapies and interventions to improve patient outcomes.