Pathology is one of the difficult subjects in medical, dental, and nursing school. We bring you Pathology Notes to help you out.
Pathology is the study of diseases and their effects on the human body. It involves the examination of tissues, organs, and bodily fluids to identify and diagnose diseases, as well as to understand the underlying mechanisms of disease processes. Pathology encompasses a wide range of fields, including anatomical pathology (the study of tissue samples), clinical pathology (the analysis of bodily fluids), and molecular pathology (the study of the molecular basis of diseases).
Some of the key areas covered in pathology include:
Anatomical pathology: This involves the examination of tissues and organs obtained from biopsies, autopsies, or surgical specimens to diagnose diseases such as cancer, infections, and autoimmune disorders.
Clinical pathology: This involves the analysis of bodily fluids, such as blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid, to diagnose diseases and monitor their progression. Clinical pathology includes various sub-specialties such as hematology, microbiology, chemistry, and immunology.
Molecular pathology: This involves the study of the molecular basis of diseases, including genetic mutations, alterations in gene expression, and protein abnormalities. Molecular pathology plays an essential role in the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of various diseases, including cancer.
Forensic pathology: This involves the application of pathology principles to the investigation of criminal cases, including homicide, accidental deaths, and suicides. Forensic pathologists work closely with law enforcement agencies to help determine the cause of death and collect evidence.
Neuropathology: This involves the study of diseases that affect the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. Neuropathologists diagnose and treat a variety of neurological disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases, brain tumors, and infections.
Pediatric pathology: This involves the diagnosis of diseases that affect children, including genetic disorders, congenital anomalies, and pediatric cancers.