Pulmonology is one of the difficult subjects in medical, dental, and nursing school. We bring you Pulmonology Notes to help you out.
Pulmonology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders and diseases of the respiratory system, including the lungs, bronchi, trachea, and other structures.
Some of the key areas covered in pulmonology include:
Asthma: This is a chronic respiratory disease that causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to difficulty breathing, coughing, and wheezing.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): This is a group of progressive respiratory diseases that includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis, which can cause chronic cough, shortness of breath, and other symptoms.
Lung cancer: This is a type of cancer that can develop in the lungs and can cause symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, and difficulty breathing.
Pulmonary fibrosis: This is a condition that causes scarring of the lung tissue, leading to shortness of breath and other respiratory symptoms.
Sleep apnea: This is a condition in which breathing is repeatedly interrupted during sleep, leading to poor sleep quality and other health problems.
Infectious respiratory diseases: These include conditions such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and influenza, which can cause respiratory symptoms and require prompt diagnosis and treatment.
Pulmonary hypertension: This is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs, leading to shortness of breath, chest pain, and other symptoms.