Rish Academy

Endocrine System Mnemonics

These MNEMONICS will be useful for you to remember the hormones in the endocrine system. In this article, we’ve listed the most useful mnemonics for the endocrine system.

 

1) 7 products in the Anterior Pituitary

FLAT PEG Mnemonic for Anterior Pituitary Hormones is one of the most popular and useful mnemonics. 

FLAT PEG

    • Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • Lutinizing hormone (LH)
    • Adrenocorticotropin hormone (aCTH)
    • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • Prolactin
    • Endorphins
    • Growth hormone (GH)

 

2) Adrenal cortex layers and products

Go Find Rex, Make Good Sex”

    • Layers : 
      • Glomerulosa
      • Fasiculata
      • Reticulata
    • Respective products :
      • Mineralcorticoids
      • Glucocorticoids
      • Sex hormones

 

3) Anterior Pituitary hormones

FLAG TOP

    • FSH – Follicle stimulating hormone
    • LH – Luteinizing hormone
    • ACTH – Adrenocorticotropic hormone
    • GH – Growth hormone
    • TSH – Thyroid-stimulating hormone
    • MSH – MelanOcyte Stimulating Hormone
    • Prolactin

 

4) Progesterone actions

PROGESTE

    • Produce cervical mucous
    • Relax uterine smooth muscle
    • Oxycotin sensitivity down
    • Gonadotropin [FSH, LH] secretions down
    • Endometrial spiral arteries and secretions up
    • Sustain pregnancy
    • Temperature up / Tit development
    • Excitability of myometrium down

 

5) Hyperthyroidism Signs and Symptoms

THYROIDISM

    • Tremor
    • Heart rate up
    • Yawning [fatigability]
    • Restlessness
    • Oligomenorrhea & amenorrhea
    • Intolerance to heat
    • Diarrhea
    • Irritability
    • Sweating
    • Muscle wasting & weight loss
Click the button below to learn more endocrine system mnemonics and mnemonics in other body systems. 

 

6) Hyperthyroidism Signs and Symptoms

MOM’S SO TIRED

    • Memory loss
    • Obesity
    • Malar flush/ Menorrhagia
    • Slowness (mentally and physically)
    • Skin and hair dryness
    • Onset gradual
    • Tiredness
    • Intolerance to cold
    • Raised BP
    • Energy levels fall
    • Depression/ Delayed relaxation of reflexes

 

7) Causes of adrenal insufficiency

ADDISON

    • Autoimmune (Addison’s disease)
    • Degenerative (amyloidosis)
    • Drugs (e.g. ketoconazole)
    • Infections (e.g. TB, HIV)
    • Secondary (hypopituitarism)
    • Others (adrenal bleeding)
    • Neoplasia

 

8) Pheochromocytoma

“Rule of 10’s”

    • 10% extra-abdominal
    • 10% malignant
    • 10% bilateral
    • 10% in children
    • BUT 30% genetic/syndromic!

9) Insulinoma

“Rule of 10’s”

    • 10% are part of MEN1 syndrome
    • 10% are multiple
    • 10% are malignant
    • 10% contain ectopic pancreatic tissue

 

10) Adrenal gland functions

ACTH

    • Adrenergic functions
    • Catabolism of proteins/ Carbohydrate metabolism
    • T cell immunomodulation
    • Hyper/ Hypotension (blood pressure control)

 

11) Aldosterone: regulation of secretion from adrenal cortex

RNAs

    • Renin-angiotensin mechanism
    • Na concentraton in blood
    • ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide)
    • Stress
Click the button below to learn more endocrine system mnemonics and mnemonics in other body systems. 

 

12) Glucagon function

“Mr. Gluca has Gone to the cAMP to bring out some Glucose“:

    • Glucagon elevates glucose by cAMP mechanism.

 

13) We can remember when glucagon levels are high because…?

    • It is secreted when GLUCose is “GONe”

 

14) Testicular hormones

I ATE

    • Inhibin
    • Androgens
    • Testosterone
    • Estrogen

 

15) Ovarian hormones 

PIE

    • Progesterone
    • Inhibin
    • Estradiol

 

16) Steroid Hormones

PET CAT

    • Progesterone
    • Estrogen
    • Testosterone (androgens)
    • Cortisol (glucococorticoids)
    • Aldosterone
    • Thyroid

 

17) Tyrosine derivative hormones

DENT

    • Dopamine
    • EPI
    • NE
    • Thyroxine (T4 and T3)

 

18) Anabolic hormone

TIG

    • Testosterone
    • Insulin
    • GH

 

19) Catabolic hormone

CAT G

    • Cortisol
    • Adrenaline( EPI)
    • Thyroid
    • Glucagon
Click the button below to learn more endocrine system mnemonics and mnemonics in other body systems. 
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