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How to Study Obstetrics?

What is Obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. It is concerned with ensuring the health and well-being of both the mother and the baby.

The primary focus of obstetrics is on ensuring a safe and healthy pregnancy and delivery. Obstetricians work closely with other healthcare professionals such as midwives, nurses, and anesthesiologists to provide comprehensive care to pregnant women.

Obstetricians are medical professionals who specialize in obstetrics. They are trained to provide prenatal care, monitor the progress of pregnancy, and manage any complications that may arise during pregnancy, labor, or delivery. They are also trained in surgical procedures such as cesarean section (C-section) that may be necessary to deliver the baby safely.


Click the button below to Download 570+ High-Yield Medical Presentations in Emergencies in Medicine, Orthopedics, Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Surgery, and Clinical Medicine

What are the key areas covered in Obstetrics?

Some of the key areas that obstetrics covers include:

1. Anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system: This includes the study of the female reproductive organs, menstrual cycle, and hormonal changes during pregnancy.

2. Prenatal care: Medical students will learn about the monitoring and management of a healthy pregnancy, including the various tests and screenings that are performed during prenatal care.

3. Labor and delivery: This involves the study of the stages of labor, fetal monitoring, pain management techniques, and methods of delivery, such as vaginal delivery or caesarean section.

4. Postpartum care: Medical students will learn about the care of the mother and baby after delivery, including breastfeeding, newborn care, and the management of any complications that may arise.

5. High-risk pregnancies: This includes the study of complications that can occur during pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, and placenta previa.

6. Surgical procedures: Medical students will learn about surgical procedures that may be necessary during pregnancy and childbirth, including caesarean section, forceps delivery, and vacuum extraction.

We have created High-Yield, Error Free presentations in Obstetrics & Gynecology in each chapter.

How to study Obstetrics?

Obstetrics is one of the most difficult subjects, yet interesting subjects in medical school. Your knowledge in Obstetrics will help you throughout your carrier, also one day it will be lifesaving.

We’ve explained all of the most effective methods to study Obstetrics to cut your study time in half and retain more to score the highest marks in your exams and perform well in your clinical rotations.

1) Create a suitable environment to study

Creating a good learning environment allows you to maximize your learning efficiency. A combination of effective time management, good reading, and note-taking skills, Illustration skills, creating effective test-taking strategies, and hard work will give you a productive outcome. Identify all of your environmental distractions that interfere with your concentration. STARVE YOUR DISTRACTIONS, AND FEED YOUR FOCUS! That’s the key to success.

2) Know your Basic Anatomy, Physiology & Pathology

Remember! Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology are not just for exams, they are for life. You don’t have to be a genius in Anatomy and Pathology, but you should know the basics to understand the clinical presentations in Obstetrics diseases and what happens inside the body in certain Obstetrics cases. You should thoroughly know the Anatomy of the pelvic structures, physiological changes that occur during pregnancy, and the Pathological conditions you may encounter during pregnancy. 

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Sample of Pathophysiology Made Easy Flashcards eBook

3) Use Dummies to study Obstetrics

If you read about the female pelvic girdle, go to your department to get some dummies like pelvic bones, fetus, placenta, etc., and practice. This technique will give you more idea about pregnancy and delivery and will give you more confidence in obstetrics. 

4) Hospital clinical practice is important.

Spend more time inside the Obstetrics wards to learn and practice episiotomy, normal labor, Artificial Rupture of Membranes(ARM), etc. If you practice these, it will help you achieve more marks in your clinical tests and also it will make you a good obstetrician. 

5) Know teaching style of your professor!

Every professor is different in their teaching style. Some may give you study notes prior to lectures, so you can have a basic idea before you go to the lecture. Some professors require students to learn by themselves using textbooks and through research. If you have such professors, you can ask your seniors to see how they studied the subject. 

Some professors give you homework and assignments based on the theories that are mainly assessed in the exams. So you should focus more on such topics and related questions.

6) Collect resources to study

There are actually a lot of resources available to you to make your studying endeavors easier. You should use all of the resources and a combination of learning techniques to maximize your studying effectiveness and reinforce the concepts in Obstetrics. You can take advantage of your textbooks, class handouts, reading materials, lab material your professor provides, and also there are many Online Study Resources & Notes that are accessible to students.

  • Textbooks: Always use standard textbooks for your studies. They provide you the highly reliable resources. Because you can clarify your doubts or read up on a chapter you’re not familiar with.
  • Reading materials: You should always study your reading materials and notes provided by your university. Because they will provide notes from chapters focusing on what you must know for your exams.
  • Google: Google is always our best friend to search on any topic. You can search mnemonics, diagrams, and word associations to make your learning easy. But always make sure that you refer to trusted sources. Because not everything you find on google is 100% true. I always use and recommend websites like Medscape, PubMed, and MayoClinic for high-quality and reliable articles.
  • YouTube: There are many YouTubers who make our learning easy. Many complex topics in Obstetrics are explained in an easy way on YouTube. This is especially helpful for students who are visual or aural learners. Later you can use youtube videos to see how to perform surgeries on live patients. 

You can get access to our Obstetrics Study Resources Library to get access to High-Quality, Error Free presentations and all other medical resources that will be helpful for your entire career. 


study obstetrics rish academy presentations
Some slides from the presentations from our Obstetrics Resources Library

7) Don’t memorize the facts, UNDERSTAND IT! 

You can’t memorize the facts without understanding it. You can put all the important points in a flowchart and you can make study sheet for each disease. If you try to memorize the facts, you’ll forget them very easily. So you have to understand the pathophysiological process and clinical presentations that happens in a disease. 

8) Take Notes

You don’t remember everything you hear, but when you write down notes, it will help you retain more information. Sometimes you even don’t understand everything your professor teaches in class. But when you get back to your home, you’ll understand it more clearly when you revise the notes you’ve taken. These notes will be so helpful in understanding the theories in books and the reading materials given by your institute. 

Also, these notes are the secret behind scoring high marks in your exams. You can focus more on these notes before your exams and they will be useful to answer your MCQs from theories that are not covered in your reading materials. 

Professors may also tell you about memorizing techniques they have used, so when you write them down it will be more useful for you to revise the subject. Obstetrics is a difficult, yet interesting subject. But taking good notes on your own will help you perform well in exams and in your clinical practice too. 

9) Prepare Good Flashcards

Obstetrics is one of the largest and most important subjects in medical, dental, and nursing courses. You can make different flashcards in the form of questions and answers or diseases and Obstetrics etc. Flashcards made in the form of questions and answers will help you before the exams. 

Make flashcards from chapters that are more important and topics that you tend to forget more easily. So it will make the revision much easier than going through the textbooks again and again.

Also, flashcards have a visual impact on your brain that will help you retain more information. Small theories like “Complications of Cholecystitis” or “Pathophysiology of Acute Pancreatitis” can be very good flashcards for your last-minute preparations. To support your theory, if you draw diagrams and illustrations, those images will retain in your brain for years. 

During my studies, I used to make beautiful flashcards that explains the Pathophysiology and clinical presentation of each disease. I’ve made it a high-quality PDF eBook, so you can download online and print it yourself. 

Click the button below to download Pharmacology Flashcards eBook. This eBook has 15 chapters and 122 pages.
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Sample of Pharmacology Flashcards eBook

10) Prepare Study Sheets

Making up study sheets for each exam can be very useful like flashcards. Using other resources like lecture notes, textbooks, and flashcards, you can make a note on one page that should cover every important point of that chapter. So it will help you revise the note in a short time before the exams. 

For example, if you’re making a study sheet on Uterine Diseases, you can add more sub-sections like Fibroid Uterus, Carcinoma of the Uterus, Adenomyosis, etc. and you can add the clinical features and treatment on one page. So you can compare and understand the diseases more quickly.10

11) Create Mnemonics

For me, mnemonics have played a great role in my medical career and great memory aids. In Obstetrics, you have to remember diseases that are very similar, so using mnemonics will help them remember separately. There are so many mnemonics available if you search on google about the topic you’re working on. Using Mnemonics will help you remember numerous facts in a short period and you can use this simple technique for any subject in medicine from Anatomy to Surgery.

You can create your own mnemonics and write them down, so they’ll help you learn the particular chapter faster and easier. During my medical school period, I used a lot of mnemonics. You can download them as a single eBook. 

Click the button below to download Rish Academy’s Medical Mnemonics eBook. The book has 12 chapters and 97 Pages. 

12) Use word association to remember facts

When you study Obstetrics, you will come across many unique and difficult words that may be hard to remember them. Word associations will help you a lot in that process.

For instance, you can connect the words Thrombus and Embolus as,

  • Thrombus is Tight – Thrombus is fixed at a place.
  • Embolus Escapes – Embolus dislodge and travel to a distance place.

I absolutely love these easy methods like mnemonics and word associations to study any subject. My friends always make fun of me for creating interesting mnemonics to remember hard topics, especially in pharmacology. But we never forgot them even after the exams. They’re long-lasting methods to remember any chapter. 

13) Learn what type of learner you are 

Figure out what learning style suits you well. This is not only for Obstetrics but also for any subject in medical or nursing schools. Do Mnemonics, Flashcards work for you? Are you a verbal learner? Most students are a combination of learning styles, so you have to figure out your suitable learning style to be more effective. Then maximize your study efforts in your own way to score high. If rewriting notes don’t work then don’t use them. If flashcards help you remember, then do that!

14) Record the Lectures

I recommend this for every lecture, so you can listen to something you may have missed during the lecture. So if you’re allowed to record the lecture, you can try this method.  Recording your lectures will help you revise them again. You can listen to them in your free time to boost your knowledge. This will definitely help in the process of memorizing the important theories, discussed in the lectures.

But do not focus too much on recording and listening to it again. Listen to the lecture and try to make a note during the lecture itself. Because if you try to make a note after coming home, you’re spending your time twice. Because time management is very important in medical school. 

15) Study actively

Studying Obstetrics is not just like reading a storybook. Active study techniques are very important, especially when it comes to learning about Obstetrics conditions that happen inside our bodies.

It takes so much of your time when you study a complicated subject like Obstetrics. So you have to listen to your professor lecturing and use reading materials, books, flowcharts, short notes, etc.

16) Work in groups

You don’t always understand the facts the very first time, especially in complex subjects like Obstetrics. So for some students working in groups can be of benefit. Sometimes having your friends give you explanations for complex Obstetrics conditions or quiz you or discuss past papers can help you retain more and more. At the same time, having a group of friends for studies will keep you motivated to study. Peer teaching has been found in studies to be very effective in helping retain more material. 

17) Repetition

The more you learn, you’re more likely to forget many complex mechanisms. So what you should need to keep everything that you’ve learned on your mind is to repeat what you’ve learned again and again. You can revise your notes daily, weekly, or monthly, but repetition is essential to sharpen your knowledge. 

18) Quiz yourself

Test your knowledge again and again. You can make your own questions with your friends and quiz each other or use past papers or model papers provided by your institute or teachers. This is a must-do activity if you want to score high marks because you exactly know what you’re supposed to study. 

19) Review your mistakes

Truth is when you do self-review and when you make a mistake, if you correct it with your reference materials then you’re very unlikely to forget it. So always pay extra attention to what you got wrong.

We have created High-Yield, Error Free presentations in Obstetrics & Gynecology in each chapters.

How to become an Obstetrician??

Becoming an obstetrician requires several years of education and training. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to become an obstetrician:

1. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree: The first step towards becoming an obstetrician is to earn a bachelor’s degree. While there is no specific major requirement, aspiring obstetricians typically choose a science-related major such as biology or pre-med.

2. Take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT): The next step is to take the MCAT, a standardized test that measures knowledge and skills in critical thinking, problem-solving, and writing. This test is required for admission to medical school.

3. Attend Medical School: After completing undergraduate studies and earning a satisfactory score on the MCAT, the next step is to attend medical school. Medical school usually lasts four years, and during this time, students take classes in anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, and other medical subjects. The first two years of medical school are typically spent in classrooms and laboratories, while the final two years involve clinical rotations in hospitals and clinics.

4. Complete an Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency: After completing medical school, aspiring obstetricians must complete a residency in obstetrics and gynecology, which typically takes four years. During the residency, doctors-in-training work alongside experienced obstetricians and gynecologists in clinics and hospitals, and they gain hands-on experience in delivering babies, performing surgeries, and managing various obstetric and gynecologic conditions.

5. Obtain Board Certification: After completing a residency in obstetrics and gynecology, doctors can obtain board certification by passing the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG) exam. Board certification is not required to practice as an obstetrician, but it can improve job prospects and increase earning potential.

6. Obtain a State Medical License: Obstetricians must also obtain a state medical license to practice medicine in the United States. The requirements for licensure vary by state, but typically involve passing a state medical board exam and meeting other requirements such as completing continuing education courses.

In summary, becoming an obstetrician involves obtaining a bachelor’s degree, taking the MCAT, attending medical school, completing a residency in obstetrics and gynecology, obtaining board certification, and obtaining a state medical license. It is a long and rigorous process, but it is necessary to ensure that obstetricians have the knowledge and skills necessary to provide safe and effective care to pregnant women and their babies.

Note: The steps I outlined for becoming an obstetrician are generally applicable to the United States. However, the process of becoming an obstetrician can vary by country, as each country has its own requirements for medical education and practice.

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