Rish Academy

Nephrology

Blue Toe Syndrome

Newsletter Blue Toe Syndrome What is Blue Toe Syndrome? Occlusive vasculopathy, often known as blue toe syndrome, is a kind…

Celestamine

Newsletter Celestamine Celestamine belongs to the steroid family drugs and it contains Betamethasone and dexchlorpheniramine maleate as active ingredients. Celestamine (Betamethasone/dexchlorpheniramine) is…

Achalasia

Achalasia Achalasia is characterized by oesophageal aperistalsis and impaired relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter.   Clinical features Achalasia incidence…

Pathophysiology of Asthma

Newsletter Pathophysiology of Asthma Asthma is usually defined clinically as reversible airflow limitation, but current definitions also recognise the presence…

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is characterized by marked mood swings between mania and bipolar depression. Bipolar disorder causes significant personal…

Atrial Fibrillation

Newsletter Atrial Fibrillation – ECG Case Discussion This ECG was recorded from a 60-year-old man being treated as an out-patient…

Dysphagia Differential Diagnosis

Newsletter Dysphagia Carcinoma of the Oesophagus Progressive dysphagia initially for solids, then for liquids Associated regurgitation of undigested food Loss…

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